The Energy Act
The most important law that regulates the entire energy supply sector in the Czech Republic is Act No. 458/2000, Coll. on Business Conditions and Public Administration in the Energy Sectors and on Amendment to Certain Laws (“The Energy Act”). The Energy Act entered into force on 1 January 2001. It incorporates the relevant European Union laws and defines, in connection with the European Union's directly applicable regulations, the general conditions for business operations and public administration in the energy supply sectors, specifically the electricity, gas, and heat supply sectors.
Gas Market Rules
Regulation No. 349/2015 Coll., the Gas Market Rules, was issued by the Energy Regulatory Office. It lays down rules, procedures, and conditions for the operation of the gas market in the Czech Republic. The Gas Market Rules reflect and specify the details of relevant European Union regulations, such as NC CAM, NC BAL, and NC INT.
European Commission Regulations
All of the following European Commission regulations, which are relevant to natural gas transmission, have been issued in the framework of the implementation of the European Commission's Third Energy Package. The main objective of the Third Energy Package is to promote competition and to pursue the further liberalization of energy markets. In response to legislative amendments and new requirements for market participants, ACER and ENTSOG have been established with the aim of improving cooperation between European gas supply organizations and national regulatory authorities. The cooperation has resulted in the adoption of the following European Commission regulations:
- COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/459 of 16 March 2017 (NC CAM) – establishing a network code on capacity allocation mechanisms in gas transmission systems
- COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 312/2014 of 26 March 2014 (NC BAL) – establishing a network code on gas balancing of transmission networks
- COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/460 of 16 March 2017 (NC TAR) – establishing a network code on harmonized transmission tariff structures for gas
- COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/703 of 30 April 2015 (NC INT) – establishing a network code on interoperability and data exchange rules
Under Regulation 344/2012 Coll. on states of emergency in the gas supply sector and on methods for securing the supply security standard, traders are required, starting on 1 October 2013, to secure and subsequently document the supply security standard for captive customers. A gas trader must demonstrate the scope and methods for securing the supply security standard for its captive customers during the winter season, from 30 September, to 1 April.
► Regulation No 344/2012 on states of emergency in gas industry (in Czech only)
REMIT legislation represents (a) the Regulation (EU) No 1227/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council on wholesale energy market integrity and transparency (REMIT) and (b) the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1348/2014 of 17 December 2014 on data reporting implementing Article 8(2) and Article 8(6) of Regulation (EU) No 1227/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council on wholesale energy market integrity and transparency. REMIT regulation prohibits unfair practices having an impact on wholesale energy markets and ensures the monitoring of wholesale energy markets.
Regulation No. 715/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council
Regulation No 715/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on conditions for access to the natural gas transmission networks mainly defines non-discriminatory rules on access conditions to natural gas transmission systems and establishment and operation of ENTSOG and the introduction of network codes. A list of information required to be disclosed in accordance with Annex 1 to this regulation is available under the link below.